As early as May of 1862, the United States started forming what became known as the United States Colored Troops, or USCT. It was officially commenced on May 22, 1863. Over 178,000 free and freed African Americans joined, being placed in one of 175 regiments.
One regiment in particular, the 4th Cavalry Regiment, was where my great-great-great-grandfather, Louis Dearborn, served. He was born on August 25, 1845. He enlisted in the army on April 27, 1864, as a Private. Toward the end of the War, he was a Corporal.? Louis stayed in the army until the USCT mustered out on March 20, 1866.
His regiment didn’t see much action. They helped in the defenses of New Orleans, Carrollton, Camp Parapet, and Donaldsville, until August of 1864. Then they were moved to Baton Rouge, on August 8, and helped in the defenses of that post until July 1865. In between that time the regiment took an expedition to Clinton, which lasted from August 23-29, 1864.
During the expedition, action was seen at Olive Branch, and Comite River, near Baton Rouge. Another expedition, from April 11-13, 1865, took the Regiment from Port Hudson to Jacksonville. Other duties were at various departments of Mississippi until the USCT mustered out.